What Is a Copyright?
A copyright is the legal ownership of an original work, such as an article, story, book, poem, song, skit, play, drawing, photo, painting, video, etc. This legal ownership is protected by law and is available to both published and unpublished works. The owner of a copyright has the exclusive right:
It is illegal to reproduce all or part of a copyrighted work without first obtaining permission from the copyright owner. Copyright law applies to everyone. Nonprofit status does not mean that churches, schools, and other organizations are exempt from the copyright law. Everyone must obey the copyright laws.
Sometimes the copyright owner of a book or painting is the author or artist, but the owner may be the publishing house that published it. The copyright owner of a book is usually listed in the front of the book on the copyright page (on the back of the book’s title page). The copyright owner of a song is listed at the bottom of the song. Copyright is indicated by © or the word "copyright," usually followed by the year and the name of the copyright holder
For more information about United States copyright laws, visit the U.S. Copyright Office Web site at www.copyright.gov.
How Long Does Copyright Protection Last?
A work copyrighted 1922 or earlier is now in the public domain. A work copyrighted after 1922 and before 1964 is protected for 95 years if the copyright was renewed. For a work copyrighted 1964-1977 the copyright was renewed automatically, protecting it for 95 years. A work copyrighted in 1978 or later is usually protected for the author’s lifetime plus 70 years.
What Is "Public Domain"?
Works that are not protected by copyright are in the public domain–anyone can quote from them or reprint them.
Permission to Quote From a Book
You may quote up to 250 words from a book copyrighted by the Review and Herald® Publishing Association without asking for permission. To obtain permission to use more than 250 words, send your request to our Rights and Permissions Department: firstname.lastname@example.org. In your request, include the answers to these questions:
1. Who are you?
Your name, address, phone number, fax, and e-mail address.
2. What do you want to quote?
Include the book title, author, copyright year, and a description of exactly which sentences, paragraphs, or pages you want to quote.
3. Where and how do you want to use it?
Give specific information on how the quoted material will be used, such as:
* One-time use in church bulletin or newsletter.
* Permanent use in a book or Web site, etc.
* Audience (adults, children, pastors, women, teens).
* Number of copies to be made.
* Date and place of the event (camp meeting, VBS, etc.), if applicable.
We will send a written response to your request (either letter or e-mail), either granting permission (and including the required copyright permission lines) or explaining why the permission was denied. (Please note that some requests must be considered by a committee and cannot be granted immediately.)
Permission to Quote from Cookbooks
Personal Correspondence and Blogs, Church Newsletters:You may quote up to 3 recipes per cookbook copyrighted by the Review and Herald Publishing Association without asking for permission. At the end of each recipe, include the following credit: "From (title of cookbook), copyright (year) by Review and Herald Publishing. Used by permission. To order, visit wwwAdventistBookCenter.com or call 1-800-765-6955." (Omit the ABC reference if the book is out of print.)
To obtain permission to quote more than 3 recipes per cookbook for the uses listed above, or to obtain permission to use our recipes on web sites or in printed form (cookbook, cooking school syllabus, magazine article, etc.), send your request to: email@example.com. In your request, include the answers to the questions listed under "Permission to Quote from a Book."
Permission to Quote From The Clear Word
You have our permission to quote from The Clear Word, The Clear Word for Kids, or The Easy English Clear Word in items that are not for sale, such as church bulletins or newsletters. A credit must appear at the end of each quotation (John 3:16, Clear Word).
Up to 500 verses of The Clear Word, The Clear Word for Kids, or The Clear Word in Easy English may be quoted (print, visual, electronic, or audio) without written permission, provided the verses quoted make up less than 25 percent of the work and are not a complete book of the Bible. The following copyright notice must appear on the title page or copyright page of the work:
Texts credited to Clear Word are from The Clear Word, copyright © 1994, 2000, 2003, 2004 by Review and Herald Publishing Association. All rights reserved.
Texts credited to Clear Word–Kids are from The Clear Word for Kids, copyright © 2005 by Review and Herald Publishing Association. All rights reserved.
Texts credited to Clear Word/Easy English are from The Easy English Clear Word, copyright © 2005 by Review and Herald Publishing Association. All rights reserved.
Permission to Quote From Magazines
Magazines editors usually purchase one-time rights to publish an article in a single issue of the magazine, so they cannot give you permission to reproduce all or part of an article or story from a magazine. Contact firstname.lastname@example.org for information on how to contact the copyright holder of an article or story from the following publications: Guide, Listen, Message, Sabbath School Leadership, Vibrant Life, Women of Spirit, or Winner. For information on how to contact the copyright holder of an article or story from the Adventist Review, contact ReviewEditor@gc.adventist.org>.
Hymn and Song Copyrights
Seventh-day Adventist Hymnal
The Seventh-day Adventist Hymnal is copyrighted (© 1985) by the Review and Herald® Publishing Association. No one can translate the entire hymnal into a non-English language or produce an ancillary product without written permission from the Review and Herald® Publishing Association.
Although the Review and Herald® owns the copyright to the collection as a whole, we do not own the copyright to each individual hymn in the collection. There are three types of hymns in the hymnal:
1. Hymns Owned by the Review and Herald®
Our name is included in the copyright notice at the bottom of the hymn.
If you want to use hymns owned by the Review and Herald®, you will need to send us a written request, including a list of the hymns you want to use. Our Administrative Committee will consider the request, and, if they approve it, we will let you know the required royalty payment or use fee.
2. Hymns Owned by Other Individuals or Organizations
The name of the copyright holder is given at the bottom of the hymn.
The copyright ownership may be for the words, the music, the arrangement, or any combination of these. You must write to the copyright owner(s) and obtain permission to use the copyrighted hymns. If you are including the hymn in a hymnal or songbook, you must arrange for royalty payments to be made to the copyright holder on a quarterly or yearly basis. (A booklet with names and address of many church music copyright holders is available from the Book Division rights and permissions coordinator.)
3. Hymns in the Public Domain
Most of the hymns in the hymnal are in the public domain. Any song or hymn without a credit line at the end is in the public domain. The key date is 1922. Anything copyrighted that year or before is in public domain because the copyright has expired.
No permission is necessary to use hymns that are in the public domain. You can copy public domain hymns and use them without getting permission.
Sometimes the words are copyrighted but the music is in the public domain (or vice versa). Or both the words and music are in the public domain but the arrangement is protected by copyright (e.g., No. 187, "Jesus, What a Friend for Sinners" and No. 678, "God Be in My Head"). Again, watch for the year 1922 or earlier.
The following hymns have gone into public domain since the hymnal was first published:
This information will not change until the year 2018, at which time anything copyrighted in 1923 will go into the public domain.
Using Individual Hymns
If you want to include only some of these hymns in a hymnal or songbook, follow the steps below under Non-English Hymnals.
Projecting the Words to Hymns
If you want to project on a screen the words of a hymn (or even part of the words of a hymn), contact Christian Copyright Licensing International (CCLI) for a license (www.ccli.com). Hymn owners and publishers have given CCLI the right to arrange with churches and individuals to use the words to hymns (project them on a screen in the front of the church, quote them in an article or book, etc.). CCLI collects the royalties from the churches and passes them on to the copyright holders.
Quoting From a Copyrighted Song or Hymn
In general, you must obtain written permission from the copyright holder to quote, in a published work, part of a copyrighted song or poem. The name of the copyright holder is usually printed at the bottom of the song. If the Review and Herald® is the copyright holder, send an e-mail requesting permission to email@example.com.For permission to use the words to other copyrighted songs, contact CCLI (see above).
When The Seventh-day Adventist Hymnal was published, the Review and Herald® obtained copyright permission for the English edition only. We do not own the rights for foreign language editions and cannot grant these rights to others.
If you wish to publish a hymnal in a non-English language that will include all the hymns in The Seventh-day Adventist Hymnal, you must follow these steps:
1. Obtain permission from all the copyright holders of all the hymns (groups 1 and 2 above).
2. Send a letter to the Review and Herald® Publishing Association, asking for a license to produce a hymnal in another language, and including copies of all your permission letters from the copyright owners.
If your request is approved, the Review and Herald will charge you a licensing fee and issue a hymnal licensing agreement, which will give you legal permission to translate and print The Seventh-day Adventist Hymnal in a non-English language.
The words and music for The Seventh-day Adventist Hymnal were set in type before current technology was available. The words and music are not available electronically, and the music is not available separate from the words. Once you have a list of the songs you want to include and have arranged all the necessary copyright permissions, the Review and Herald®’s copyright and permission coordinator can refer you to someone with the appropriate software to set the music for you.
Electronic Versions of Hymnals
The Review and Herald® does not own the right to produce electronic versions of the hymns in The Seventh-day Adventist Hymnal and cannot grant these rights to others. If you wish to produce an electronic version of the hymnal, you must follow the steps outlined above, under Non-English Hymnals.
Remember that if you produce an unauthorized print or electronic version of The Seventh-day Adventist Hymnal or any other songbook or hymnal owned by the Review and Herald® Publishing Association (or a copyrighted hymn or song), you are violating United States and international copyright laws and can be prosecuted in a court of law.
Other Songs and Songbooks
The information above applies to all songbooks and hymnals published by the Review and Herald® Publishing Association and Southern Publishing Association (merged with Review and Herald® in 1980); most of these titles are listed below by copyright or publication date.
1936 Finger Plays and Songs (Bertha D. Martin)
1951 Sabbath Songs for Tiny Tots
1951 Sabbath Songs for Tiny Tots, book 1
1953 More Finger Plays and Songs (Bertha D. Martin)
1955 Children Sing (Clara M. Striplin)
1955 Sabbath Songs for Tiny Tots, book 2
1960 Sabbath Songs for Tiny Tots, book 3
1964 Sabbath Songs for Tiny Tots, Cradle Roll
1964 Sabbath Songs for Tiny Tots, Kindergarten
1966 Finger Plays and Songs, new edition
1967 More Sabbath Songs for Tiny Tots, Cradle Roll and Kindergarten
1975 Sabbath Songs for Tiny Tots, Cradle Roll, new edition
1975 Sabbath Songs for Tiny Tots, Kindergarten, new edition
1978 Children’s Songs for Jesus (Nancy J. Stagl)
1980 New Sabbath Songs for Tiny Tots, Cradle Roll
1980 New Sabbath Songs for Tiny Tots, Kindergarten
2001 Little Voices Praise Him (for both Beginner and Kindergarten)
Primary, Junior, Teen, and Youth Songbooks
1854 Hymns for Youth and Children (Anna White)
1931 The Junior Songbook
1931 Missionary Volunteer Songs (formerly The Junior Songbook)
1951 The Junior Evangelist
1952 Happy Songs for Boys and Girls (primary)
1953 Singing Youth
1960 Sacred Songs from Singing Youth (transposed and arranged for B-flat band and orchestra instruments)
1961 Songs for Singing Time
1970 Sing Time
1973 Pass It On
1977 Advent Youth Sing
1981 Pathfinders Sing
1988 He Is Our Song (youth)
1989 Sing for Joy (primary)
Hymnals and Songbooks
1849 Hymns for God's Peculiar People, That Keep the Commandments of God and the Faith of Jesus (James White)
1852 Advent and Sabbath Hymns (Hymns for Second Advent Believers Who Observe the Sabbath of the Lord)
1855 Hymns for Those Who Keep the Commandments of God and the Faith of Jesus (first to include music)
1869 Hymns and Tunes for Those Who Keep the Commandments of God and the Faith of Jesus (first official hymnal: 536 hymns, 125 tunes)
1878 Hymns of Praise for Use at Lectures and Revival Meetings (Edson White)
1878 The Song Anchor (Edson White, Pacific Press)
1880 Temperance and Gospel Songs, for the use of Temperance Clubs and Gospel Temperance Meetings (Edson White)
1886 Hymns and Tunes (The Seventh-day Adventist Hymn and Tune Book for Use in Divine Worship) (official hymnal until 1941)
1900 Christ in Song
1905 Hymns and Tunes
n.d. Songs of the Message (Hymns and Tunes, abridged ed.)
1908 Christ in Song (revised, becomes unofficial church hymnal)
1915 Songs of Zion (selections for evangelistic seminars)
1926 Gospel in Song
1941 Church Hymnal
1941 Colporteur Song Sheaf
1944 Gospel Melodies
1951 Songs That Speak (Marjorie Lewis Lloyd)
1952 Sabbath School Songs
1952 Sabbath School Songs (favorite songs left out of The Church Hymnal, 1941)
1954 Choir and Solo Melodies
1954 Songs Along the Way (music by Harold Amadeus Miller)
1956 Adventist Melodies, No. 1
1956 Songs of Praise (new title for Sabbath School Songs)
1967 Sing Unto the Lord (Donald F. Haynes, SPA)
n.d. Praise Him
n.d. The Living Word Gospel Songs (SPA)
1981 Singing His Praise
1985 The Seventh-day Adventist Hymnal
1988 Let There Be Praise
1988 Advent Singing (© NAD Office of Education)
1994 Early Advent Singing
Remember, if you produce an unauthorized print or electronic version of the Seventh-day Adventist Hymnal or any other songbook or hymnal owned by the Review and Herald® Publishing Association (or a copyrighted hymn or song), you are violating United States and international copyright laws and can be prosecuted in a court of law.
Licenses for Derivative Works
The Review and Herald® Publishing Association occasionally grants film rights, licenses for audio books, and licenses for other derivative works, such as teacher’s guides, coloring books, games, etc. For more information, contact our Rights and Permissions Department:firstname.lastname@example.org.
Licenses for Non-English Translations
The Review and Herald® Publishing Association frequently grants licenses for non-English editions of our books to publishers outside the United States. To obtain a license, e-mail your request to email@example.com.
Include the following in your request:
Your license request will be considered by a committee. If your request is granted, you will be charged a licensing fee and asked to sign a licensing agreement. Please note that the Review and Herald® Publishing Association always grants first right of refusal on translation rights to the Seventh-day Adventist publishing house that serves that language group.
Permission to Use Artwork
Paintings, drawings, photos, charts, and diagrams included in a book or magazine are protected by copyright. You must obtain permission to reproduce those visuals in a printed publication, PowerPoint program, classroom handout, video, banner, camp meeting program, backdrop, etc.
Many of our most popular illustrations can be licensed and downloaded at www.BibleGallery.com.